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) or isle
(/ˈaɪl/) is any piece of land that is surrounded by water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atollsare called islets
. A key
or cay is another name for a small island or islet. An island in a river or lake maybe called an eyot, /ˈaɪ.ət/. There are two main types of islands: continental islands
and oceanic islands
. There are also artificial islands. A grouping of geographically and/or geologically related islands is called an archipelago.